Document Forgery: Mitigating Fraudulent Activities Through Forensic Analysis

As the world moves towards an era where information holds enormous strength, the legitimacy of documents becomes crucial. However, due to technological advancements, businesses face severe threats of legal document forgery that breaches the data of their official data. The consequences of document forgery can be harmful as scammers can alter contractual paper signatures and manipulate academic reports that are available online.

The presence of this sensitive data on online platforms makes them vulnerable to fraudulent attacks. The cybersecurity market generated a revenue of $166.2 billion in 2023 and is expected to reach $273.5 billion by 2028. Many financial businesses use various document verification methods but still fall victim to multiple online scams, which is why they require digital forensic analysis to overcome these issues.

The Anatomy of Document Forgery

Document forgery occurs when an imposter illegally breaches a company’s data by creating a false document or duplicating a person’s records issued by the government. These imposters improvise data like work permits, ID cards, and passwords. The imposters use several methods to commit fraudulent activities and harm the company’s data. 

  • Simple Forgery

It is the most basic type of forgery where the imposter will sign or write anything without using the real text or signature as a sample. Imposters use this forged document as an original copy of someone’s real document.

  • Freehand Simulation

Freehand simulation is a document forgery method in which the imposter imitates the original documents’ handwriting, signature, or format without authorization. When the scammers decide to forge a document, they start by having the sample signature that the scammers will recreate.

  • Tracing

Tracing is a document forgery method in which a transmitted light reproduces the apparent features of a handwritten text or signatures. Examiners use light tables to compare text and find forgery evidence.  

  • Electronic Manipulation

Electronic manipulation is a document forgery method in which online software such as Photoshop is used to copy or alter the signature or essential text in the document. In today’s digital era, such electronic manipulation has endless possibilities. 

Combating Document Forgery Through Forensic Analysis

Document forensic analysis is one of the most advanced ways to mitigate the abuse of forgery. Forensic document examiners use automated scientific methods to authorize the original records, which leaves fraudsters with no way to breach data. This process enhances data protection efforts. Forensic analysis is very beneficial for many businesses as it combats scammer’s influence on their operations. 

Before conducting the forensic analysis, the document forensic examiners must have a known sample of the data to which they are supposed to compare the forged data. Well-qualified examiners must conduct document forgery detection for smooth analytical operations. The forged document can be detected through various methods, such as:

  • Detection of Alterations And Substitutions

Document forensic examiners use imaging devices with ultraviolet light waves to detect all sorts of data alteration and substitutions that are invisible to the human eye. Examiners use automated methods, such as a video spectral comparator to reveal the presence of different inks that have been used to alter the original text and signatures. They also use some electrostatic detection devices that are used to reveal seven layers of pacers in the final writing.

  • Machine-Printing Documents

Confidential data printed with any sort of machine, including photocopiers, is said to be sourced with a certain machine or model. Forensic examiners trace the document source, including the device’s model or brand, and analyze the statistical characteristics of the printed text. The machine that contains the data can be examined for forged data.

  • Handwriting Examination

While examining the documents, the document forensic examiner is often able to identify differences in the characteristics of the handwriting, including letter spacing, pen positions, and other attributes of texts. Examiners detect the minor features of writing, like retouching or hesitation during text alterations.

  • AI-Powered Document Verification Solution

The most beneficial forensic analysis method is AI-powered verification software because artificial intelligence algorithms can be used to enhance the efficiency of forensic analysis and help mitigate all sorts of security risks. Forensic examiners can perform document forgery verification by performing automated log analysis. These algorithms can process a large number of log files at a fast speed and accuracy. The examiners use AI-powered malware detection software to scan behavioral patterns that detect malicious activities. 

This software removes viruses and secures the data. These AI algorithms speed up the investigation process by quickly verifying the faces or texts in the images and videos being viewed. Examiners use machine learning data to analyze metadata and other content to prioritize documents for careful scrutiny. 

Final Thoughts

Businesses face critical problems when their data is subjected to document forgery. By harnessing the power of forensic analysis, companies can mitigate the risks of fraudulent activities because it reduces the documents from being forged. By using the latest AI-powered algorithms, companies can maintain the originality of their content and run smooth operations, enhancing customer satisfaction.