Dorsalgia: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment

Dorsalgia is a general term given to a collection of issues that produce slight to intense pain in the muscle groups, nerves, joints, bones, or different systems associated with the spinal bone of the body. The phrase dorsalgia develops from two phrases: dorsal, which explains the back, and alga, which means the ache.

It’s far more than just a backache. The ache may be sporadic or prolonged, depending on the kind of harm or scientific situation, limited to the precise vicinity of the lower back or backbone, or moving to other areas.

Commonly, dorsalgia consists of spinal-associated aches together with lower back aches, middle back pain, and sciatica aches. It does not encompass aches associated with scoliosis, lordosis, or related particular situations. Its indications and symptoms vary according to the depth of the ache and your specific physical traits.

Types of Dorsalgia

Generally, there are six known forms of dorsalgia. They are:

Cervical Dorsalgia

Cervical dorsalgia is also clinically called cervicalgia. It entails the cervical spine. You feel an ache in the neck area that happens because of some harm or due to degeneration of the cervical backbone.

Cervicothoracic Dorsalgia

This form of dorsalgia entails the cervical and thoracic areas of the spine. The cervical backbone is the topmost part of the vertebral column placed in the neck area, while the thoracic spine is the other part of the vertebral area. It is located between the cervical spine and the lumbar spine. The ache in cervicothoracic dorsalgia arises from each of those areas.

Thoracic Dorsalgia

This sort of back pain happens in the thoracic vertebral portions. It is an uncommon type of dorsalgia.

Thoracolumbar Dorsalgia

It consists of both the thoracic and lumbar backbones. This form of pain arises from both the top and lower backs.

Lumbar Dorsalgia

The lumbar backbone is located where the thoracic spine finishes, and it leads down towards the sacral spine area. Lumbar dorsalgia is more common among people, as this area of the spine is mostly used for everyday actions.

Lumbosacral Dorsalgia

It includes back pain that originates from either the lumbar or sacral backbone.

Symptoms of Dorsalgia

Some general signs that show you may be experiencing dorsalgia include:

  • Numbness or irritation in upper or lower areas;
  • Muscle ache;
  • Sharp and dense pain in the backside or neck;
  • Burning feelings;
  • Pain that moves down the leg;
  • Limited movement of the back as you try to bend;
  • Difficulty in modifying posture;
  • Inability to participate in simple activities such as getting up from a sitting pose.

What Causes Dorsalgia?

There might be various potential reasons for back pain or dorsalgia. Some general causes are as follows:

  • A herniated or bulging disc;
  • Damage such as a car crash, gunshot injury, sports-related shock, slip, and fall, or body altercation;
  • Extensive physical labor or physical stress
  • Stress-related issues;
  • Degenerative disc disorder;
  • Certain clinical conditions, like osteoporosis, affect females.

How is Dorsalgia diagnosed?

Your healthcare expert will start the diagnosis with a physical analysis. That is going to require you to sit, stroll, walk, and lift your legs off the ground. You have to describe your ache in detail so that the physician can make a correct analysis. The health practitioner will ask you about the form of pain you enjoy and if it’s dull pain, sharp or hitting pain, or a pulsing ache that makes you unable to move.

The expert will confirm the identification by asking these questions:

  • When does the back hurt mostly?
  • Does it hurt more when you are in a standing, sitting, moving down, or bending position?
  • Is your ache consistent all day, or do you experience it enhancing for a particular duration?
  • Do you feel any related health conditions?
  • Do you have a family record of back issues or spinal disorders?
  • Did you experience any injuries in childhood that might affect your back area?
  • Have you utilized any home treatments or over-the-counter drugs to relieve your pain?

Neurological Testing

  • Straight leg test:
  • Adam’s Forward Bend Test 
  • Stork test:
  • Imaging: X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs 

How Is Dorsalgia Treated?

Your pain management in Dallas will endorse the fine treatment for dorsalgia, depending on the intensity and severity of your ache. Moderate cases of dorsalgia can be handled with conservative therapy that consists of physiotherapy, domestic remedies, and medicinal drugs.

  • Physical therapy
  • Medication

  • NSAIDs, Acetaminophen, Muscle Relaxants

Alternative treatments for dorsalgia include:

  • Dry needling
  • Facet injections of lidocaine or steroids
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

Other options include:

  • Chiropractic care 
  • Acupuncture 
  • Massage 
  • Yoga 
  • Heat therapy to decrease the symptoms of minor and subacute low-back aches.


If no related treatment choice works, surgery might be the only way to ask for lasting comfort from back aches. Your back pain doctor in Dallas may suggest the following surgical techniques to treat dorsalgia:

  • Discectomy
  • Disc arthroplasty
  • Spinal fusion